The history of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) started in the 1960′s when computer systems first had the capability to transfer data between other computer systems. The progressive history of EDI has centered primarily on the evolution of data format standards for exchanging electronic business documents. On occasions advances in data communications and data protocols have dominated the history of EDI. See timeline below on the history of EDI.
1965: First EDI Messages. Holland-America Steamship Line sends shipping manifests as telex messages that are automatically converted into computer data.
1968: Transportation Data Coordinating Committee (TDDC) Formed. A group of railroad companies concerned with the quality of inter-company exchanges of transportation data formed TDDC to study the problem and to improve it.
1973: FTP Protocol Published. The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) enabled file transfers between Internet sites.
1975: First TDCC Standard Published. Ed Guilbert, a member of the TDCC, is referred to as the Father of EDI, and was involved in coordinating the development of translation rules among four existing sets of industry-specific standards.
1975: Telenet, the first Value Added Network (VAN) Started. Telenet, the first commercial packet-switching network and civilian equivalent of ARPANET, was born. Telenet represented the first value-added network, or VAN — so named because of the extras it offered beyond the basic service of linking computers.
1978: TDCC renamed EDIA and Received ANSI Charter. TDCC was renamed the Electronic Data Interchange Association (EDIA), received a charter from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and became the ANSI X12 Committee, which gradually extended and replaced those created by the TDCC.
1981: ANSI X12 Published. EDI data standards now existed for transportation (air, motor, ocean, rail), banking, warehouse, food industry, and drug industry.
1981: EDI VAN Services Started. Tymshare started providing EDI services in 1981. The EDI group was eventually spun off and acquired several times to become MCI’s EDI*NET. Most major VANs have their origins in the early 1980s.
1982: EDI Mandated for Automotive Industry. GM and Ford mandate EDI for suppliers.
1985: EDIFACT EDI Standard Created. The EDIFACT EDI standard was created under the auspices of the United Nations to enable a broader global EDI trading capability.
1996: EDI over the Internet (EDIINT) Formed The Uniform Code Council (UCC) started EDI over the Internet (EDIINT) program. EDIINT was set up to standardize the communications of EDI data over the Internet.
2001: AS2 Communication Standard Created. EDIINT published the AS2 standard which supports communications of EDI using the HTTP protocol.
2004: Wal-Mart Implements AS2 Over Internet. Wal-Mart sets trend for EDI over the internet by migrating thousands of their suppliers to AS2 using iSoft.
To be continued …